What Do Starlings Eat?

What Do Starlings Eat?

Starlings are a group of birds that are known for their vibrant plumage, captivating vocalizations, and impressive ability to mimic sounds from their environment. These birds are found in various parts of the world and have adapted to different habitats, including both rural and urban environments. Understanding what starlings eat is essential for several reasons, including their impact on agricultural crops, their role in ecosystems, and for those interested in attracting them to their gardens.

Natural Diet of Starlings

Starlings have a diverse natural diet that primarily consists of seeds, berries, and fruits. They are known to forage in grassy areas, woodlands, and even agricultural fields to find these food sources. Additionally, starlings are avid insect hunters and consume various invertebrates, such as beetles, worms, and spiders.

This opportunistic feeding behavior allows them to adapt to different environments and take advantage of available resources. By consuming natural food sources, starlings contribute to the dispersal of seeds and help control insect populations.

Impact of Starlings on Agriculture and Ecosystems

While starlings play a vital role in maintaining insect populations, their feeding habits can also cause significant problems in agriculture. These birds often gather in large flocks and can swiftly consume crops and fruits, resulting in substantial economic losses for farmers.

The competition for these resources can also negatively affect native bird species, as starlings often outcompete them for food and nesting sites. This imbalance in ecosystems can lead to a decline in biodiversity and affect the overall health of ecosystems.

Human Intervention and Starling Diets

To mitigate the impact of starlings on agriculture, several interventions have been implemented. Agricultural methods such as netting, scare devices, and auditory deterrents are commonly used to deter starlings from consuming crops.

Providing alternative food sources can also redirect starlings’ attention away from valuable agricultural resources. For example, setting up specific feeding stations with suitable food options can help attract starlings to these designated areas, reducing the damage caused to crops.

Starlings as Pests

Apart from their impact on agriculture, starlings can also become pests in urban areas. These birds often nest in buildings, causing structural damage and creating noise pollution.

Starling droppings can accumulate and cause unsightly stains. To prevent undesirable starling behavior, it is essential to address environmental factors that attract them, such as food availability and nesting opportunities.

Starlings in Urban Environments

Starlings have demonstrated remarkable adaptability to urban environments. The availability of human food sources, including discarded waste and bird feeders, can attract starlings to urban areas.

While this can provide an opportunity for birdwatching and appreciation, it can also present challenges. The presence of starlings in large numbers can cause competition for food with other native bird species, potentially impacting their survival. Proper management strategies are crucial to maintaining a healthy balance between starlings and other urban bird populations.

Attracting Starlings to Your Garden

Those who want to attract starlings to their gardens must first create a bird-friendly atmosphere. These birds can be attracted by planting native trees, shrubs, and flowers that produce fruits and berries. Suet, mealworms, and sunflower seeds can also be placed in appropriate feeders to attract starlings.

A water supply, such as a birdbath or a small pond, can further increase the attraction of a garden to these birds.

Providing for the Nutritional Needs of Starlings

A balanced diet is vital for individuals who want to supply additional food to captive starlings or injured birds. To suit their nutritional demands, starlings require a diversified diet that includes both fruits and insects.

A selection of fresh, healthy foods can assist guarantee that captive starlings get the resources they need to grow. However, it is critical to avoid feeding dangerous or toxic items to starlings, such as chocolate, caffeine, or avocado, as these might be harmful to their health.

Potential Risks of Feeding Starlings

While feeding starlings can be a delightful experience, it is important to be mindful of the potential risks and drawbacks. Regular feeding can lead to starlings becoming dependent on human-provided food, which can negatively impact their ability to forage naturally.

Additionally, bird feeders can act as gathering points for various bird species, potentially increasing the risk of disease transmission. Finding a balance between providing supplemental food and allowing starlings to maintain their natural foraging abilities is crucial for their overall well-being.


What are some common foods that starlings enjoy?

Starlings enjoy a variety of foods such as berries, fruits, seeds, insects, and invertebrates.

Can starlings eat bread crumbs?

While starlings may consume bread crumbs, it is not an optimal food choice for them as it lacks essential nutrients.

How do starlings find their food?

Starlings find their food through foraging, often scanning the ground or foliage for insects, seeds, and fruits.

Are there any specific times when starlings feed?

Starlings are active during the day and can feed throughout daylight hours. However, they may be more active during dawn and dusk.

Can starlings eat from bird feeders?

Yes, starlings can eat from bird feeders, but it is important to ensure that the feeders are designed to discourage larger birds and to provide appropriate food options.


Understanding what starlings eat is crucial for various reasons, ranging from their impact on agriculture to their presence in urban areas. By knowing their natural diet and implementing effective interventions, it is possible to strike a balance between minimizing damage caused by starlings and coexisting with these remarkable birds.

Creating bird-friendly habitats, offering suitable food options, and being mindful of the risks associated with feeding starlings can contribute to a healthier and more harmonious relationship with these avian creatures.