What Do Hummingbirds Eat?

What Do Hummingbirds Eat?

Do you wish to know what Hummingbirds Eat? Hummingbirds mostly feed on flower nectar. They can gather nectar from deep within the blossoms thanks to their long bills and specialized tongues. They ingest insects and spiders for protein, which is vital for their nutrition, especially during the breeding season. You can boost their food by providing a sugar-water solution in flower-shaped feeders.

Hummingbirds are fascinating creatures known for their incredible hovering abilities and rapid wing movements. These tiny birds require a unique and specialized diet to fuel their high energy levels.

In this article, we will explore what hummingbirds eat in their natural habitat, as well as what they consume when kept in captivity. Additionally, I will delve into the benefits of a hummingbird diet, the best foods to offer them, and tips for attracting these delightful birds with food. So, grab cup of tea and join me as I uncover the secrets of a hummingbird’s dining preferences.

Click here to learn about Hummingbirds flight capabilities

Let’s get started!

What Do Hummingbirds Eat?

Hummingbirds are nectarivores, meaning they feed on nectar. The pleasant liquid contained in flowers is known as nectar. Hummingbirds eat insects as well, which they capture with their long, thin beaks.

Hummingbirds get their energy from nectar. It has a lot of sugar and calories, which hummingbirds require to power their fast metabolism. Nectar contains vitamins and minerals, but not as many as insects.

Insects are a significant element of a hummingbird’s diet as well. They give protein and other nutrients that hummingbirds cannot acquire from nectar alone. Hummingbirds feed on insects such as mosquitoes, gnats, spiders, and fruit flies.

Hummingbirds require around half their body weight in food each day. This indicates that a hummingbird weighing 3 grams must consume approximately 1.5 grams of food daily.

Hummingbird-friendly flowers can be planted in your yard to attract hummingbirds. Some excellent options include trumpet vine, bee balm, and lantana. You can also place a hummingbird feeder outside.

Using the correct quantities of sugar and water while producing hummingbird food is critical. One part sugar to four parts water is the ideal ratio. Artificial sweeteners and colors should also be avoided in hummingbird food.

Hummingbirds are interesting creatures, and their nutrition is just one of the many aspects that distinguish them. You can help hummingbirds thrive by supplying them with food and water.

List of Food Hummingbirds Eat?

Here is a list of food that hummingbirds eat:

  • Nectar: Nectar is the major food source for hummingbirds. It is a sweet liquid that is found in flowers. Nectar is high in sugar and calories, which hummingbirds need to fuel their high metabolism.
  • Insects: Insects are another major food source for hummingbirds. They provide hummingbirds with protein and other nutrients that they cannot get from nectar alone. Hummingbirds consume a variety of insects, including mosquitoes, gnats, spiders, and fruit flies.
  • Pollen: Hummingbirds can also eat pollen. Pollen is a fine powder that is found on flowers. Hummingbirds get pollen when they drink nectar. Pollen is a good source of protein and other nutrients.
  • Plant sap: Hummingbirds can also eat plant sap. Plant sap is a sweet liquid that is found in plants. Hummingbirds get plant sap by drilling holes in plants. Plant sap is a good source of sugar and calories.
  • Fruit juices: Hummingbirds can also eat fruit juices. Fruit juices are a good source of sugar and calories. Hummingbirds can get fruit juices by drinking from ripe fruit or by eating fallen fruit.

It is important to note that not all hummingbirds eat the same foods. The specific foods that a hummingbird eats will depend on its species and its habitat.

Here are some tips for attracting hummingbirds to your yard:

  • Plant hummingbird-friendly flowers. Some good choices include trumpet vine, bee balm, and lantana.
  • Put out a hummingbird feeder. When making hummingbird food, use the right proportions of sugar and water. The best ratio is one part sugar to four parts water. You should also avoid using artificial sweeteners or colors in your hummingbird food.
  • Keep your hummingbird feeder clean. Hummingbirds are susceptible to diseases, so it is important to keep their feeder clean. Wash your feeder with soap and water every few days.
  • Provide a source of water. Hummingbirds also need water to drink. You can provide a shallow dish or a birdbath.

With these tips, you can attract hummingbirds to your yard and enjoy their beauty and grace.

What Do Hummingbirds Eat in the Wild?

In the wild, hummingbirds primarily feed on nectar obtained from a variety of colorful and nectar-rich flowers. Their long, slender bills are perfectly adapted for sipping the sweet nectar hidden within these blooms. These enchanting birds have an exceptional memory and can remember the location of each flower they visit, ensuring a regular supply of nectar. Besides nectar, hummingbirds also supplement their diet with small insects like mosquitoes, gnats, and spiders. This added protein provides essential nutrients necessary for their survival and overall health

Nectar: The primary source of sustenance for hummingbirds is nectar. These little birds are nectarivores, meaning they primarily feed on the sweet liquid produced by flowers. With their long, specialized tongues, they can access the nectar hidden deep within floral tubes. Some common flowers that attract hummingbirds include trumpet vine, bee balm, salvia, and various species of penstemon. The nectar provides them with the essential sugars they need for their intense flight and active lifestyle.

What Do Hummingbirds Eat in Captivity?

When kept in captivity, it is crucial to replicate a hummingbird’s natural diet as closely as possible. Commercially available hummingbird food, often referred to as nectar, is an excellent option.

This ready-made solution contains sucrose, which closely mimics the nectar found in flowers. However, it is crucial to avoid food coloring or additives, as these can be harmful to hummingbirds. Alternatively, you can prepare homemade nectar using a simple recipe of four parts water to one part white granulated sugar.

Remember to boil the mixture, let it cool, and refrigerate any unused portion.

The Benefits of a Hummingbird Diet

A well-balanced diet is vital for the health and vitality of hummingbirds. Their high metabolism and rapid wing beats require a constant supply of energy, which they obtain from nectar and small insects. The nectar provides carbohydrates, while the insects offer essential proteins and fats.

This nutrient-rich diet fuels their extraordinary flight abilities, allowing them to hover and maneuver with astonishing agility. Additionally, the natural sugars in nectar serve as an excellent fuel source for their fast-paced lifestyle, enabling them to maintain their high energy levels throughout the day.

The Best Foods for Hummingbirds

While nectar is the primary component of a hummingbird’s diet, it is beneficial to incorporate other food sources into their meals. Offering small insects, such as fruit flies or ants, can provide additional proteins. These can be attracted to your hummingbird feeders by placing banana peels or fruit pieces nearby. Another excellent option is providing ripe fruits, particularly those with high sugar content, like bananas or peaches. These juicy treats offer a delightful alternative to nectar and provide the necessary carbohydrates for sustaining their energetic lifestyle.

How to Attract Hummingbirds with Food

If you want to attract hummingbirds to your garden, providing a reliable and enticing food source is key. Here are some tips to attract these delightful creatures with food:

  • Hang multiple hummingbird feeders in various areas of your garden, ensuring a steady supply of nectar.
  • Choose feeders with bright red or orange accents to catch their attention.
  • Position the feeders near flowers or flowering plants to create an inviting environment.
  • Plant a diverse array of nectar-rich flowers, such as trumpet vines, bee balm, and salvia, to entice hummingbirds with natural food sources.
  • Create a hummingbird-friendly environment by incorporating water sources, like small birdbaths or misters, for them to drink and bathe.
  • Remember to regularly clean and refill your feeders to maintain a hygienic and fresh food supply, especially during warmer months.

Is Sugar Bad for Hummingbirds?

Hummingbirds have a natural affinity for sugar, which forms a crucial part of their diet. However, it is essential to provide them with the right type of sugar. Regular white granulated sugar, when used in moderation, is not harmful to hummingbirds and closely resembles the natural sucrose found in flowers. Avoid using honey, brown sugar, or artificial sweeteners, as these can be detrimental to their health. The simplicity and purity of white granulated sugar make it the ideal choice for creating homemade nectar or using commercial hummingbird food.

Can I Use Coconut Sugar to Make Hummingbird Food?

While coconut sugar has gained popularity as a natural sweetener, it is not recommended for making hummingbird food. Although it contains essential minerals and lower fructose levels than regular sugar, the composition and taste may not be suitable for hummingbirds. Stick to using traditional white granulated sugar, which replicates the nectar sourced by hummingbirds in their natural habitat.

What Does a Hummingbird Drink?

In addition to nectar, hummingbirds also require water for their hydration needs. They obtain water not only from natural sources like raindrops and dew but also from birdbaths, puddles, and misters. By incorporating these water sources into your garden, you can create an inviting oasis for these fascinating creatures. However, ensure the water is clean and free from any chemicals or additives that may be harmful to their delicate system.

Tips for Feeding Hummingbirds

Feeding hummingbirds is an incredibly rewarding experience. To ensure their well-being and maximize their enjoyment, keep in mind the following tips:

  • Place feeders in shaded areas to prevent the nectar from spoiling quickly in the heat.
  • Clean the feeders thoroughly every few days with hot water and mild soap to prevent the growth of mold or bacteria.
  • Stop using pesticides or insecticides in your garden, as they can be toxic to hummingbirds and their food sources.
  • Provide a variety of food sources to cater to their diverse nutritional needs.

Enjoy the beauty of hummingbirds from a safe distance to avoid causing them undue stress or disturbance.

Insects and Spiders:

Despite their nectar-based diet, hummingbirds are not strictly vegetarians. To meet their protein and nutrient requirements, they supplement their diet with insects and spiders. Hummingbirds are skilled hunters and use their agility and speed to catch small insects mid-air or pluck spiders from their webs. These insects provide crucial elements like protein, amino acids, and vitamins, making them a vital part of the hummingbird’s diet, especially during the breeding season when their nutritional needs are heightened.

Tree Sap:

In some cases, particularly during times when flower nectar is scarce, hummingbirds may turn to tree sap as an alternative source of sustenance. While this behavior is less common, certain species have been observed sipping on sap from tree bark wounds. The sap offers a concentrated source of energy, providing a temporary solution when nectar-bearing flowers are not readily available.

Pollen and Plant Material:

Although hummingbirds are not the primary pollinators of flowers, some pollen inevitably sticks to their feathers while feeding on nectar. This incidental pollen consumption contributes to the pollination of various plant species. Additionally, some hummingbirds may occasionally consume soft plant materials, such as leaf buds and plant exudates, which could serve as a supplementary source of nutrients.

Human-Made Nectar:

With the increasing popularity of backyard hummingbird feeders, many enthusiasts provide artificial nectar to attract these delightful birds. A simple solution of white granulated sugar and water closely resembles the natural nectar they find in flowers.

It is essential to avoid using honey and artificial sweeteners, as they can cause harm to hummingbirds. Providing nectar through feeders can be a lifeline for these birds, especially in regions where natural nectar sources are scarce.


Hummingbirds are truly remarkable creatures with specialized dietary needs that match their extraordinary characteristics. Their reliance on nectar, supplemented by insects, spiders, and occasional tree sap, highlights their adaptability and resourcefulness.

Understanding what hummingbirds eat allows us to appreciate the delicate balance of nature and the critical role these tiny birds play in pollination and ecosystem health.

Whether you’re a birdwatcher or a gardener, creating a hummingbird-friendly environment can be a rewarding experience, inviting these winged wonders into our lives and gardens.

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Click here to learn how long Hummingbirds live.


Q: Can hummingbirds survive on just nectar alone?

 A: While nectar forms a significant part of their diet, hummingbirds also require small insects for essential proteins and fats.

Q: How often should I clean my hummingbird feeders?

 A: It is recommended to clean hummingbird feeders every few days using hot water and mild soap to prevent the growth of mold or bacteria.

Q: Can I use artificial sweeteners in hummingbird food?

 A: No, artificial sweeteners are not suitable for hummingbirds. Stick to using regular white granulated sugar or opt for commercially available hummingbird food.

Q: What flowers attract hummingbirds the most?

 A: Hummingbirds are particularly drawn to tubular-shaped flowers, such as trumpet vines, petunias, and fuchsia, which provide a reliable nectar source.

Q: Can I offer fruits to hummingbirds as a treat?

 A: Yes, ripe fruits with high sugar content, such as bananas or peaches, can be offered as a delightful alternative to nectar and provide necessary carbohydrates.

Q: How can I ensure a continuous supply of food for hummingbirds?

 A: By planting a diverse array of nectar-rich flowers, using multiple hummingbird feeders, and maintaining a clean and fresh food supply, you can ensure a steady food source for hummingbirds.